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Finding & Keeping Good Child Care

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Dear Debi,
Iím going back to work after having twins & want to make sure they get the best care possible. What can I do to find someone who will take good care of them?
Deb Winker
Debi's Tips
Debi Gutierrez
Debi Gutierrez
Host
  • Determine the type of child care
  • Invest time in choosing child care
  • Establish mutual respect, understanding & clear communication
Expert Advice
Jocelyn Tucker
Jocelyn Tucker
Child care program specialist
The first thing Deb should figure out is how many hours a day and how many days a week sheís going to need child care. Another important consideration is finding the best child care possible within her financial means. Does she want a license-exempt, licensed family child care, or a child care center?

Differences in Types of Child Care
All three are different, itís just a matter of parental preferenceóthey each have their pros:

License-Exempt
  • Proximity. If you have a relative or a close friend you would like to use, theyíre usually as close by as next door, or even down the street.
  • Flexible hours. If you have to work late one night, it may not cost you extra and the hours may not be as rigid/ strict as they would be with a licensed provider.
  • Overall flexibility. You can design the types of activities that your child does with the provider. There also tend to be less children in a relativeís care. So for Deb, Grandma may only have her twins in her care, so she has that much more time and attention to dedicate to them.
Licensed Family Child Care
  • Quality of care can be higher, especially with a child care provider whoís accredited.
  • Developmental activities. Theyíre getting activities that provide developmental growth and a licensed child care provider many times will have more knowledge of a childís developmental milestones.
Child Care Center
  • More often than family child care, the teachers have some kind of child development training/background.
  • If you go to a high-quality center, the child to teacher ration will be lower.
  • There also tend to be more opportunities for socialization.
Choosing the Right Child Care
Parents should always visit whatever program theyíre thinking about putting their child in. They should bring the child with them and spend some time there. Some things they should be observing are:
  • Is the provider licensed and/or accredited?
  • Does the provider participate in local and/or state child care associations? (Their level of professional involvement is an indicator of quality)
  • Are the babies attended to?
  • Are the childrenís needs being met?
  • Do the children seem happy and comfortable?
  • Is the environment safe?
  • Is the child-to-adult ratio low?
  • Does the provider use the federal food program?
  • (Using the federal food program requires unannounced visits twice a year, so this indicates a higher quality of care.)
You wouldnít buy a car you havenít seen or driven, so why would you put your child in a program that youíre not familiar with? Itís a good idea to make up interview questions before you go so you can make sure not to forget to ask any questions. If the provider is unwilling to be forthcoming about anything, thatís a clear sign you should leave.

Remember that this is a double interview because the child care provider also wants to make sure that the child will fit into the program. If your child isnít going to be a fit for the provider and her program, you want to know that before your child starts. If itís not going to be a fit, itís better to find that out before your child starts the program, because having to change programs can be stressful, both for you and your child.

Finding the right child care for your child could take one day, or it could take a week. It is important to give yourself enough time to search appropriately. Very often, other parents can provide good information about child care; you should pick their brains about where their children go for child care, and whether theyíre happy with the child care.

Choosing a Family Member or Close Friend
If parents choose a family member or a close friend to care for their child, there should definitely be an established agreement. I often hear that exempt providers tend to feel taken advantage of because of the nature of the relationship. If youíre a parent who chooses to use a close friend or family member as your provider, donít take advantage of them. A common misconception is that an exempt provider shouldnít get paid. They should get paid, and there should be an agreement in place that specifies payment. Itís important to stick to the agreement. If you can encourage your informal child care provider to attend child development classes, most R & Rís have free classes. If he or she canít go, you can attend a workshop or class and share that information with them. It has to be a real partnership.

Resource & Referral Agencies (R & Rís)
Parents should know there are several resources available to help them in their search. Your local resource and referral agency has lots of information on choosing quality child care. They have pamphlets, books, all kinds of materials. They can even provide actual referrals in your area based on your criteria. The National Association for Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACRA) can provide you with resource and referral agencies by state.

Keeping Good Child Care
Once youíve found a quality child care provider, remember that this person is caring for your child and appreciate them as professionals. Gestures of appreciation are great. Treat them like professionals and donít take advantage of them. Communicate with them as partners, not as servants. Be respectful of the rules and the contract. Many providers have paid holidays written into their contracts, so itís important to read the contracts and make sure everything in there is something you can abide by.
Caregiver Comments
Tamika Bridgewater
Tamika Bridgewater
Mother of two
Finding child care for my 5-year-old was challenging. I took him where two of my friends had their kids. I trusted my friendís judgment because she has high standards, but I could just see that some things were lacking. The kids were allowed to watch too much TV and the center did not provide enough outdoor play. So I decided to take him to a center that was far from our home but where I knew he was safe and taking part in the right kinds of activities.
Rosa Rios
Rosa Rios
Grandmother of three
My son and daughter-in-law were first-time parents so they were looking for my guidance and support. They know how much my grandson loves me. He always enjoys being with me. I have been very instrumental in his preschool readiness.
Verdis Ferraro
Verdis Ferraro
Child care provider for 23 years
When parents come for an interview the first thing I do is discuss my hours and fees so that we are all on the same page. I give them a walk through of how their childís day will be. I show them our inside and outside play areas. I explain our food program, diaper changes, health policies, circle time, curriculum and our field trips. We also discuss our vacation time and holiday pay. I want parents to know exactly what Iím providing.

Child Care Provider Checklist Featured Activity:
Child Care Provider Checklist
Finding & Keeping Good Child Care Featured Video:
Finding & Keeping Good Child Care
Topic: Child Care Management
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